Fossil fuels still provide the basic fuels that enable modern societies to function, and their use will likely continue for the foreseeable future. Also known as furnace fuel for its historic use in heating applications, fuel oil, like any other fossil fuel, requires a means to transport it, regardless of whether it’s used for heating or fuel. Oil pumps designed to convey fuel oil from storage to where it’s used must be designed to deal with its various properties.
Many people who work around industrial pumps understand that pump strainers and filters are used in different applications, but only some understand the difference between the two. Those who know nothing about a pump, strainers, and filters might as well be the same, as they perform similar tasks. Yet it’s helpful to understand the differences between the two and the similar yet distinctive applications for which both are used.
Pumps are essential tools used in various industries, including manufacturing, construction, and agriculture. They play a crucial role in moving liquids from one location to another, making them an integral part of many processes.
However, not all pumps are the same. Several types of pumps serve different purposes and have unique features. This blog will discuss the different types of pumps, their uses, and their benefits. By the end, you'll better understand which type of pump suits your specific needs and factors to consider when choosing one.
Positive displacement pumps move liquids through valves and piping that enclose fixed volumes of fluids and then transfer them through a system. They cyclically pump these measured capacities, driven by diaphragms, gears, lobes, pistons, screws, vanes, or other implements. They’re generally used for applications involving viscous liquids, such as oils or slurries. Positive displacement pumps are especially desirable when these viscous fluids are highly pressurized, such as what happens in the processing of emulsions, certain types of food, and biological fluids, or when precise measurements are required.
Pumps and pumping systems are some of the most costly equipment used by water utilities and other large operations that transport water. Despite their importance, the actual parameters for pump performance are often largely unknown by anyone except the engineer who designed the pumping system. Even operators tend to see pump systems as an unknowable and unchangeable part of their work environment. Yet this seeming lack of knowledge regarding the most important tool in many fluid-transporting systems can sometimes become a real problem.
Fossil fuels are the basis of modern society, and their use is unlikely to end anytime soon. Derivatives of crude oil and other fossil fuels run trucks, trains, ships, cars, and other vehicles, while these fuels can also be used to heat homes and power generators. Regardless of the type of fuel, a fuel oil pump transports fuel from a storage tank to where it’s to be used. Fuel oil pumps do everything from bringing raw crude oil from reservoirs underground to filling up a car’s fuel tank. In a sense, the fuel pump in a car does the same thing, transporting gasoline from the fuel tank to make the engine run.
Many applications depend on pumps operating correctly, and, in certain cases, an unreliable pump can even cause catastrophic damage to a pumping system. For example, a pump in a cooling system that breaks down can cause overheating that then leads to system failure, while in systems that pump lubricants, this can result in the seizing of mechanical implements that then ruin equipment. In other cases, failed pumping mechanisms can cause significant loss in productivity, as would be the case in the petrochemical or energy industries.
Strainers for pump systems primarily function as filters for the liquids or gases going through the system’s piping. While a seemingly simple assignment, many pump applications depend on properly working strainers. For pumps used in any pipeline operation, sediment that may include sand, dirt, or other detritus can build up within the pipes or elsewhere in the system. Whatever the pumping application, strainers for pumps ensure the whole system runs smoothly.
There’s a vital role played by those involved in supply chains between manufacturers and end users. When it comes to the sale of pumps, distributors help provide quicker response times, offer value-added services, augment a pump manufacturer’s sales and otherwise aid with the logistics of getting their products to those who need them. Instead, pump distributors should be considered partners, with manufacturers building relationships that enable them to sell more of their products while helping to educate customers about them.
For centrifugal compressors that produce natural gas, also known as methane, seals on the machine’s rotating shafts prevent pressurized gas from escaping from the compressor’s casing. A conventional method for sealing the casing utilizes oil under high pressure to act as a barrier to stop gas from escaping. These are known as wet gas seals. Yet, for many situations, companies involved in producing and transmitting natural gas are moving towards using dry seals. Gas seals like these instead use pressurized nitrogen or another similar substance in gaseous form, which reduces both methane emissions and operational expenses.